Good day guys, welcome to my fibres and materials series. In this video, phase one, i’m going to be speaking about some normal substances that you just likely have or will come across. And what the professionals and cons are for both daily use and the environmental influence. Phase two will probably be about vegan artificial versus animal substances. And phase 3 will probably be all about upcycled and recycled substances. So definitely verify these out as good. So first up is cotton, and i’m going to comprise time codes under for the unique materials if you wish to jump ahead or reference particular ones. Cotton is often the most fashioned material and it is a natural fibre, it comes from the cotton plant And it’s: delicate, breathable (which means that air can transfer via it and moisture can evaporate via it), handy to clean (it’s machine washable), absorbent, versatile ( there’s lots of one-of-a-kind sorts of cotton substances and clothes), it is good for people with allergies or epidermis sensitivities The cons are that it would not maintain dye quite well so it fades additional time and may also bleed while being washed.It wrinkles, it could actually lower in scorching water, primarily the primary time it’s washed. The environmental pros are that it’s biodegradable. And the environmental cons are that it desires quite a lot of water to develop. It’s also as a rule bleached and chemically handled and dyed. Cotton additionally has some of the best pesticide makes use of for plants. And it’s generally GMO as well.However these two matters are averted through buying natural and organic cotton. Subsequent is Linen, and it can be another average material It comes from the flax plant and it was used the entire approach back in ancient Egypt. And linen as a fibre is: breathable, long lasting, lightweight, absorbent, it can be customarily very cool and excellent for summer time, I also read that it’s antimicrobial however I wasn’t able to seek out very so much in-depth knowledge to again that up The cons are that is wrinkles without problems It quite often requires gentler or hand washing and usually there’s false linen or ‘linen appear’ material so that you ought to be careful of that. The environmental pros are that it requires little pesticides and water to grow, especially compared to cotton. And it is biodegradable. And the cons are that it will probably sometimes be dyed with toxic chemicals however it is dependent upon how it’s made. A further plant fibre is hemp. And it comes from the hashish plant but a style that’s best used for hemp construction.And as a fibre it’s: durable, absorbent, it turns into softer with wear and washing, it’s breathable and it can also be hypoallergenic. The cons are that it might commonly be tough, it wrinkles and special countries oftentimes have very strict laws around developing and processing hemp. So there are difficulties round that with hemp material creation. The environmental pros are that it would not require pesticides or plenty of water to develop, It doesn’t fritter away nutrients from the soils so it’s a really just right crop. It’s biodegradable and given that it is very durable the garments by and large last lengthy And for environmental cons, I relatively could not find something. It can be sincerely visible as being the most eco-pleasant fabric. Then there may be polyester, which is likely probably the most common synthetic fibre. It is comprised of petrochemicals and is: wrinkle resistant, durable, it dries rapidly it can be colourfast, it is machine washable it tends to continue it can be shape good and it can be affordable.The cons are that it would not breathe which will also rationale it to emerge as pungent, it builds up static and it can additionally irritate the skin. An environmental pro is that it may be recycled but this does require an additional chemical approach. And the environmental cons are that it does not biodegrade, fibres come off of it when it’s being washed and those emerge as polluting the ocean, it can be vigor intensive and very polluting to make, toxic chemical compounds are used to make it and additionally it is very tricky to dye which requires quite a few chemicals. Then we now have wool. Wool is a average protein fibre like your hair. And it probably comes from sheep however may also come from alpacas, goats and other animals. Wool as a fibre is: very warm (it can be even heat when wet), water-resistant, long lasting, very absorbent, flame resistant and hypoallergenic. The cons are that it shrinks in scorching water, it must be hand washed or dry cleaned, it will possibly capsule and depending on the variety of wool, it can be itchy or anxious to the dermis.The environmental professionals are that it can be comfortably dyed, which normally approach there are much less harsh chemical compounds used, it’s biodegradable and due to the fact that it’s very long lasting it implies that the garment will in most cases wear quite well and can be saved for a long time. The environmental cons are that given that it comes from an animal there are problems and concerns around the medication and care and wellness of these animals. And i will speak extra about that in part two. Toxic chemical compounds and pesticides will also be used and this can be evaded by means of watching for organic wool.Next is acrylic which is a synthetic petrochemical fibre. It was developed to be a person made substitute to wool and it’s: lightweight, gentle, colourfast, laptop washable and low cost. The cons are that it tends to tablet quite simply it would not breathe, it builds up static. For the environmental execs, I relatively could not find some thing. And the cons are that it does not biodegrade, it’s not easily recycled, there are poisonous chemical substances used to make it, it’s vigor intensive and again fibres wash off of it that end polluting the oceans. Then there is silk which is a typical protein fibre. It comes from the cocoon of the silk worm. And it is: very soft, it has a typical sheen, it’s light-weight has a just right drape, so it quite often looks very great in garb and it is most often good for extraordinarily sensitive epidermis. The cons are that it can be steeply-priced, it requires hand washing or dry cleaning, it is not very long lasting and it’s prone to discolouration from daylight or perspiration.The environmental professionals are that it’s biodegradable, and it dyes very simply. And the environmental cons are that the silk worms are truly killed within the process of harvesting the silk from the cocoons so it is not at all an ethical or vegan fabric. Next is nylon a further synthetic created from petrochemicals It was once developed to be a synthetic alternative for silk. And it’s: robust, climate resistant, versatile, water repellent, computer washable, it dries rapidly and it’s low cost. The cons are that some varieties of nylon construct up static, it might irritate epidermis The environmental pros are that it’s a lovely durable fabric so the garment will in most cases last a very long time And for the cons, like with polyester, fibres come off when it can be washed that come to be polluting the oceans, poisonous chemicals are used to make it, there are quite a few detrimental emissions, it can be vigour intensive and it can be not biodegradable. Then there is spandex, also referred to as elastane or lycra. It is an extraordinarily elastic fibre also produced from petrochemicals. And it’s frequently discovered blended with other fibres. It is: stretchy, it helps garments retain their form, and it could actually aid with match.The cons are that it breaks down over time, it could also emerge as brittle and yellow. The environmental professionals are that it may well help make clothes now not stretch out and the environmental cons are that it would not biodegrade, it can be vigour intensive and polluting to make and poisonous chemical substances are used. Finally there is a couple of naturally derived artificial fibres. The first i’ll speak about is rayon and it’s specially made from a wood pulp that goes by way of a chemical approach. And as a fibres it can be: delicate, low priced, absorbent, anti-static, (not like different artificial substances), The cons are that it can be not very long lasting, it tends to pill, it wrinkles, it loses force when moist and can without difficulty come to be misshapen and it additionally shrinks very comfortably.I truely could not relatively find any atmosphere execs for rayon except for the fact that it makes use of much less poisonous chemical compounds than other synthetics however there may be nonetheless toxic chemical compounds, so I nonetheless see that as a con. For the reason that it’s a timber pulp it might probably make a contribution to deforestation and it’s vigor intensive to make. There may be also bamboo and the majority of bamboo is virtually bamboo viscose or a bamboo rayon And nations have special legal guidelines about whether or no longer it must be labeled as viscose derived from bamboo or a bamboo rayon. However essentially it is the identical system as rayon however alternatively of using wood pulp, they use bamboo. And as a fibre it’s gentle, breathable, very absorbent, and likewise doesn’t construct up static.The cons are that like rayon, some bamboo fabrics will tablet rather simply and i like I stated extraordinary countries will have special principles as how it’s alleged to be labeled so that may be complicated. The environmental professionals are that bamboo could be very renewable to grow and requires little water and pesticides. And the cons are that there are still poisonous chemical substances used to make the fabric, and it’s vigor intensive. And the final fibre i’m going to talk about is lyocell or tencel. And it’s another naturally derived synthetic produced from wooden pulp. And it is: tender, very absorbent, immune to wrinkles, versatile, long lasting, breathable, anti-static and likewise claims to be hypoallergenic. The cons are that it may tablet quite simply and in addition often wants targeted care. The environmental professionals are that it’s biodegradable, it can be made in a closed loop system so the chemicals are recycled. And it can be so much much less toxic to supply than other synthetics and typical synthetics like rayon. The cons are that it’s nonetheless makes use of particularly a little of energy to provide and for the reason that it does come from timber pulp it could additionally contribute to deforestation however total it is the most environmentally friendly artificial material.So of path there are additionally other substances than the ones I’ve stated and you’ll also seemingly in finding a number of blends. And blends can combine the benefits of each substances but it may possibly additionally negate some of them. For instance, a polyester/cotton combination will imply that the object is no longer biodegradable. As you’ve got almost always seen, no fabric is superb. And it’s virtually attempting your excellent to make instructed selections and in addition choosing the proper substances for the operate of the garment. I in my view attempt to keep on with typical materials for each relief and environmental explanations. But it surely doesn’t make feel always. For example with swimming gear, it makes much more sense to have whatever that does not take in water and dries rapidly. So i hope you could have found this intriguing and perhaps discovered anything. Please let me recognize in the feedback if they are any pros or cons that I missed. Thank you so much for staring at and i’m going to see you within the next one..